The St. Sophia Cathedral is the oldest Christian temple fully preserved till now in the East Slavic territories.
The cathedral on this site was founded by Yaroslav the Wise in honour of Sophia, a symbol of wisdom. Its main treasure is 260 square meters of mosaics and 3,000 square meters of frescoes. They are real masterpieces of the world art.
This is the second temple in Kyiv that has been preserved to this day from the distant times of Kyivan Rus. It’s the monument, which was founded in the 12th century and survived the Invasion of Batu Khan, numerous fires, transition from the status of a monastery church to the status of a hospital church, a period of destruction during the Soviet era (the bell tower of the St. Cyril’s Monastery was destroyed then).
But the St. Cyril’s Church has survived to this day in an almost original form.
Fabulous 800 sq. m of 12th century frescoes demonstrating unique scenes, works of the outstanding painter Mikhail Vrubel, icons — everything is as it should be in a wonderful temple.
The Saint Anthony’s Caves are underground caves in Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, where the relics of 123 saints rest, which is the largest number in the world. The caves themselves are connected with Kyiv catacombs in a single underground network.
If the laurel tree is a tree, then its beauty is in its branches and leaves, and its strength is in its roots, that is, in the laurel caves. The monastery started from there. There, in the darkness of the caves at the dawn of Christianity in Rus, courageous and wholesome people went in search of God’s light, which enlightens every person.
It’s one of the most unusual Orthodox churches not only in entire Ukraine, but also in the entire world. It was built in the Baroque style according to the design of the outstanding architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli. The St. Andrew’s Church is one of the four monuments of Ukraine included in the 100 Wonders of the World catalogue published in Germany in 2002.
It’s the main cathedral of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church — Kyiv Patriarchate. The cathedral built in honour of the baptizer of Rus, Prince Volodymyr, boasts majestic external and internal decoration.
The biggest treasure of Volodymyr’s Cathedral is its unique paintings, thanks to which the cathedral was granted the status of a cultural monument. The walls of the cathedral are decorated with huge paintings on biblical themes, which, taken together, present to visitors the history of the Russian church. Here you can see figures of saints, martyrs, princes and holy wives.
Pyrohoshcha Church was erected in 1132–1136 at the foot of the Zamkova Hora (Castle Hill) by the son of Volodymyr Monomakh, Mstyslav.
The initial name is connected with the icon of the Mother of God “Pyrohoshcha” brought from Byzantium to Kyiv before the start of construction (from the Greek word “pyrgos” (a tower). That was the name of the icons with the image of towers or those placed in the towers of the monastery walls). In 1935, the church was demolished. And only in the late 1990s, as a result of excavations carried out by Ukrainian archaeologists, the church was reconstructed and returned to its original name.
It’s the highest cathedral in Kyiv (its height is 67.5 m). The laying of the cathedral took place in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna.
The temple of the St. Panteleimon’s Nunnery is situated in the Feofania tract. Today, the monastery is populated by about 300 nuns, who are gradually reviving the monastery on their own, returning it to its former grandeur.
It’s one of the most mysterious monasteries in Kyiv. Hidden in the forest on the Dnieper slope, this monastery preserves the flavour of ancient princely and Cossack times, the spirit of the period of Kyiv’s greatest grandeur.
It was founded in the second half of the 11th century by Prince Yaroslav’s son, Vsevolod.
The centre of the monastery is occupied by St. George Cathedral. St. Michael’s Church built in 1070–1088 and restored in 1766–1769 has also preserved in the territory of the monastery.
Ar-Rahma (Mercy) Mosque is the spiritual centre of Muslims in Ukraine. It is the pride of Ukrainian Muslims and the calling card of Ukraine in the Islamic world. This is the first and only mosque in Kyiv in the modern history of Ukraine and one of the largest mosques in Europe. The Ar-Rahma Mosque was built in the historical centre of Kyiv in an area where Muslims have lived for a long time, as is shown in the very name of the area, Tatarka.
“Ar-Rahma” means “mercy” in Arabic.
Brodsky Synagogue (Hebr. די בראדסקי שול אין קיעוו) is Kyiv’s central synagogue.
The synagogue was built at the expense of a sugar magnate and philanthropist Lazar Brodsky, so it was opened on the day of his fiftieth birthday on August 24, 1898. Since then, the building has changed its appearance several times. In 2000, the synagogue opened its doors, again. A small museum is organized in its vestibule, where you can see the work of the sculptor Meisler, old books and a fragment of a Torah scroll.