The main square of Kyiv located between nine central streets of the capital acquired its modern lookafter reconstruction in 2001. It was when the first in Ukraine, large underground shopping centre Globus was opened here, and the Independence Monument, monuments to the founders of Kyiv and to Cossack Mamai were erected here. Among other attractions on the square are the Liadski Gate, a copy of one of the gates that led to Ancient Kyiv, the Zero Kilometre, a starting point in measuring the distance between Ukrainian cities and world capitals; Petr Tchaikovsky National Academy of Music, the oldest musical institution of higher education; Main Post Office, and the House of Trade Unions. In 2017, light and musical fountains were opened in Kyiv’s main square.
It was on Maidan Nezalezhnosti that the most important historical events for Ukraine took place: Revolution on Granite (1990), the Orange Revolution (2004), and the Revolution of Dignity (2013–2014).