The Mariinsky Palace called the Tsar’s Palace until the 1950s was chosen by the Empress Elizabeth herself. The Baroque-style building was constructed in the mid-18th century by the famous architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, modelled on the palace of Alexey Razumovsky. The Tsar (City) Garden, was planted around the Palace, and later, Mariinskyi Park was laid out.
Prior to the October Revolution, the estate was owned by the royal family. It was seriously damaged during the World War II and, following the reconstruction by Alioshin, became a place for ceremonial receptions. The modern name is dedicated to the wife of the Emperor Alexander II, Maria Alexandrovna, on whose initiative the park of the same name was laid out.